Fouché, Joseph, duke of Otranto
- (1759-1820)administrator, political figureKnown as the founder of modern political espionage, Joseph Fouché was born in Pellerin, near Nantes. A student of the Oratorians in Paris, then professor at the oratory (although he never became a priest), Fouché in 1789 embraced the ideas of the revolution. Elected to the Convention (1792), he sat with the montagnard deputies and voted for the death of the king. Ordered to suppress the federalist insurrection in Lyon, he organized the terror there, earning the name "Assassin of Lyon." An intransigent and unscrupulous individual without any sense of loyalty, he was one of the planners of the events of 9 Thermidor Year II (July 27, 1794), which led to the overthrow of maximilien Robespierre. Nonetheless, he was excluded from the Thermidorian Convention and arrested, but was later pardoned. Thanks to paul barras, Fouché was named minister of police in 1799 (30 Prairial Year VII), then joined the service of Napoléon Bonaparte (see napoléon i) (after waiting to see the outcome of the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire), using the system of agents and spies that he had created. Supported in his work by charles Maurice de talleyrand, he was made duke of Otranto (1809) and governor of the Illyrian Provinces. Minister of police during the hundred days, he was a member of the provisional government after waterloo, and helped to pave the way for the return of the Bourbons. He then again briefly served as minister of police and later ambassador to saxony (1815), but he was considered a regicide under the Law of 1816 and was exiled. He settled in Prague, then in Linz, before becoming an Austrian citizen and retiring to Trieste.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
Look at other dictionaries:
FOUCHÉ, JOSEPH — Duke of Otranto, born at Nantes, a member of the National Convention, and voted for the death of Louis XVI.; became Minister of Police under Napoleon; falling into disfavour, was sent into exile, but recalled to Paris in 1814; advised Napoleon … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Duke of Otranto — Arms of Joseph Fouché (1759 1820) as 1st Duc d Otrante (1808) … Wikipedia
Joseph Fouché — Joseph Fouché, 1st Duc d Otrante (May 21, 1759 Le Pellerin, near Nantes, France December 25, 1820 Trieste, then Austria, now Italy) was a French statesman and Minister of Police under Napoleon Bonaparte. In English texts his title is often… … Wikipedia
Otranto — Comune Comune di Otranto … Wikipedia
Ferrières-en-Brie — French commune nomcommune=Ferrières en Brie caption=Saint Rémy Church x = 145 y = 74 lat long=coord|48|49|25|N|2|42|21|E insee=77181 cp=77164 région=Île de France département=Seine et Marne arrondissement=Torcy canton=Torcy maire=Mireille Munch… … Wikipedia
List of dukes in Europe — The following is a list of historic duchies in Europe: Contents 1 Germany 1.1 On the Baltic south coast 1.2 The Low countries (Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg) 2 Austria … Wikipedia
Dukes in Italy, Germany and Austria — There used to be many Dukes in Italy, Germany and Austria, although these countries are now republics and no longer have aristocracies.GermanyAlthough the titled aristocracy of Germany no longer holds a legal rank, nearly all ducal families in… … Wikipedia